Wraps are nails strengthened with the use of fabric placed on the surface of the nail then secured with a resin. (The fabric is not wrapped around the nail.)
Two types of wraps: silk and fiberglass. The application process is the same including the same resins being used for both types. The only difference between them is the fabric used.
A wrap is a coating made of fabric that is glued over the "natural nail only" or over the natural nail and artificial tip extension". The fabric is then coated with more glue (To build up strength) or with a "resin". Resin is a thick version of glue. Because resin is thick it takes a very long time to dry. It needs something to accelerate the drying time. This accelerator is also called "activator". It is a liquid that is sprayed as a fine mist over the resin coated nails. The fabric used to wrap is usually fiberglass mesh. Silk is also popular. Linen is also used but is not as popular because it is a stark white color and does not appear natural. It must be covered with polish to hide it. Fiberglass and silk are both materials that can be made to appear almost invisible once attached to the nail. This is why they are so popular.
As far as strength goes, linen affords the most strength because it is the thickest and will absorb the most glue. Silk and fiberglass are about the same but their is a difference. Silk, like linen, is a natural fiber and will absorb the glue as well as be surrounded by it when on the nail. Fiberglass is a synthetic material and will not absorb. It will only be surrounded by the glue. Whether one is better than the other is a matter of personal experience.
Some of the questions we have regarding wraps are:
I cant get my silk or fiberglass to become invisible. What is wrong?
Make sure you are using a thin glue to adhere the wrap to the nail first. The thin glue can saturate better than a thick resin and this helps get a better appearance. Also, if the back of the fabric has a sticky or tacky adhesive make sure that it is not too heavy. Sometimes this tacky layer will not disappear. Also, if the material is dusty you may be seeing dust trapped in the tacky layer or weave of the fabric. Trouble shoot these areas.
Why do the wraps lift?
Always start with proper preparation steps. Then, make sure your glue and resin is not too old to stick as well as it should. If it is thicker than usual it may be time to replace it. if that is not the culprit then make sure you are buffing the edge of the wrap flush to the nail and then sealing it with glue and/or resin. If your lifting is occurring at the sides or at the free edge it may be due to age. As the glue ages it may lose its resiliency and become brittle. Soak off the wrap and replace it. Don't forget that wraps are not as strong as acrylics. If your client abuses her wrapped nails they will not be nearly as durable as acrylics and will fall victim to abuse a lot sooner.'
The activator burns!
Activator accelerates the drying process of the resin. What is going on chemically is what causes the heat. The molecules are moving very quickly as they go from a wet to a dry state. This movement causes a friction that is felt as heat on the nails. To avoid this you must use less resin on the nail and spray less activator. We suggest the following:
Apply resin to five nails. turn hand over and bend fingers upward as if they were gripping an imaginary ball. This will put all five nails in a circle next to one another. Then mist 2-3 pumps of your activator spray over the nails from a distance of about 12 inches away. Now repeat on the other hand. By the time you finish the second hand the first one will be dry.