2015年5月25日 星期一

2015 - 029 First Hepatitis C Coalition in Malaysia Launched

We are pleasure to attend the  First Hepatitis C Coalition in Malaysia Launched at Royal chulan Damansara.
1st to giving speech by Dr Rosmawati Mohamed .
 Hepatitis C (HCV) is a liver disease caused by the Hepatitis C Virus : the virus can cause both acute and chronic hepatitis infaction, lasting less than or more than 6 moths respectively . it's a blood borne virus and can be transmitted through ;
- Blood transfusions before 1994
- Injection drug use
- Injections given with contaminated syringes
- sharing of personal care items(razors,toothbrush ,etc)
- Needle-stick injuries in healthcare settings
- Unsterillized medical or tattoo equipment
- Being born to a HCV-infected mother
- Through sex with a person who has HCV (Uncomman)

And then follow speech by Yang Berbahagia Dato' Sri Shahrizat Abdul Jalil, adviser on The Development Of Women Entrepreneurs and Professionals at Prime Minister Department.

 Launch Gambit and Photo Opportunity

Burden of the disease
there are about 130-170 million people whom are currently infected with HCV worldwide . From this number ,almost 350,000 to 500,000 people die each year from HCV-related liver diseases . In our country ,the estimated prevalence based on historical data is about 1.5% of the general population which is approximately 451,000 Malaysian.
The economic cost associated with HCV is tremendous and generally higher among patients with liver complications (liver cancer and complications of liver cirrhosis).

What is the different between the Hepatitis A,   Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C?

Hepatitis A, B,C are caused by three different viruses. although these viruses can causes similar symptoms,they have different modes of transmission and can effect the liver differently .

Hepatitis A appears only as an acute or short-term,self-limiting infection and does not become chronic. People with Hepatitis A usually improve without treatment.

Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C can also begin as acute infections, but in some people ,the virus remains in the body, resulting in chronic or persistent infection and serious liver problem . There are vaccines to prevent Hepatitis A and B; however ,there is not one for Hepatitis C . If a person who has had one type of viral hepatitis in the past, it is still possilble to get the other types .

The incubation period for HCV is 2 weeks to 6 months . Following initial infection ,approximately 80% of people do not exhibit any symptoms . Those who are acutely symptomatic may exhibit fever , fatigue , decreased , appetite , nausea , vomiting , abdominal pain , dark urine , joint pain and jaundice (yellowing of skin and the whites of the eyes )

 Screening and diagnosis
Due to the fact that acute HCV infection is usually  asymptomatic , early diagnosis of the HCV infection is rare , HCV infection is diagnosed i two steps :
- Screening for anti-HCV antibodies with a type of blood test that
identifies people who have been infected with the virus
- If the test is positive for anti-HCv antibodies, a different blood test called a nucleic acid test for HCV RNA is needed to confirm with HCV may be able to clear the infection spontaneously by a strong immune response without the need for treatment.

Q & A Session


 Media tour and pledge activity

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