This is a topic that we are hearing a lot about
Many nail technicians and their clients are experiencing what some refer to as "allergies". These so-called allergies are developed over time and can "come out of nowhere". (In fact they are not allergies at all but a sensitization that develops after being exposed to a chemical or combination of chemicals for an extended period of time. In some people this time frame is very short. In others it can take longer.) If you have experienced sensitivity or if some of your clients have, then you know first hand what they are like. If this is something you need to know more about review the following information:
A nail client has acrylic overlays or U.V. gels for a period of time. (The time could be one month or 5 years, It is different for everyone.) During that period she has had no problems related to chemical irritation. Then, after a particular fill-in she experiences a slight itching or burning sensation that might be accompanied by red, puffy cuticles. This usually happens shortly after her visit to the salon. Each time she has her nails maintained after that first adverse reaction the irritation intensifies, maybe even to the point of extreme discomfort.
What should you do?
If this situation occurs you should immediately discontinue the use of that particular product system on your client. if you do not discontinue its use, each time you expose your client to it the reaction will intensify and become worse.
In most cases switching the client to an alternative nail service such as a wrap will not be a problem. You should wait for the hands to be free of any irritation. (Usually two to three weeks at most depending on how irritated her fingers became after the last exposure. Make sure there are no open sores or abrasions) Then try a spot test by applying the new product to one nail only. Wait several days to see if this product is tolerated. if it is, continue by servicing the other nine nails.
Note: Do not try and treat or cure the irritation. All such requests should be referred to a medical doctor. Do not soak off the artificial product. Submerging the irritated fingers in harsh solvents will only make things worse. A fact that you need to be aware of is this: The reaction your client is suffering is not due to the artificial surface she is wearing on her nails. It is due solely to the exposure of liquid (or U. V gel) prior to polymerization (set up) and DURING THE APPLICATION PROCESS.
What you should not do
Do not expose your client or yourself to excess nail liquid or gel. That means only use the amount of product needed and only apply it to the nail... NOT THE SKIN.'
Powder and Liquid: Every ball of powder and liquid should have the correct ratio for the area that you are applying it to. Any liquid that is over and above what is needed to mix with the powder is a waste and a potential chemical sensitivity catalyst. Additionally, remember that the excess liquid trapped in the overlay stays in constant contact with the natural nail. The nail, being porous, can allow this excess liquid to eventually contact the nail bed under the nail plate. In theory this can cause irritation.
HELPFUL HINTS:Do not use a brush that is too large. A big brush sucks up a lot of liquid. It will surely go to waste and is a potential hazard. Avoid skin contact during application. Work neatly
Gels: AVOID SKIN CONTACT during application. Make sure you get a thorough cure. Any uncured or under cured gel can cause sensitivity much in the same way that excess liquid can.
NOTE: Dust filings settling on the skin and getting in the pores can cause irritation as well. Avoid having to file in excess by applying only enough product as needed. Do not "Slop it on" only to file it off.' Use oil while buffing. This helps to mat down the dust and prevent it from flying up in the air and onto the skin.